The Fallacy of Emergence

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The fallacy of emergence is a logical error that occurs when a system is assumed to have a property that magically arises out of thin air because none of the parts composing the system have this property.

The fallacy of emergence occurs when a system is assumed to have a property that magically arises out of thin air because none of the parts composing the system have this property. Another way to say this is that an illusory property is mistaken for an actual property. For example, an apple is red but the atoms the apple is made of are not red. Therefore it is assumed that the redness property has been magically created out of nothing. The problem is that color is an illusion created by our minds due to the inability to see the actual physical mechanism involved. The property that actually exists is the ability of protons of a certain wavelength to bounce off objects and into our eyes.
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